This section contains several passages, each followed by a number of questions. Read the passages and for each question, choose the best answer based on what is stated in the passage or what can be inferred. Then fill the space on your answer sheet that matches the letter of the answer that you have selected
Question 41 – 51
The Roman alphabet took thousands of years to develop from the picture writing of the ancient Egyptians modifications by Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, and others. Yet in just a dozen years, one man, Sequoyah, invented an alphabet for the Cherokee people. Born in eastern Tennessee. Sequoyah was a hunter and a silversmith in his youth, as well as an able interpreter who knew Spanish, French, and English.
Sequoyah wanted his people to have the secret of the “talking leaves,” as he called the books of white people, and so he set out to design a written form of Cherokee. His chief aim was to record his people’s ancient tribal customs. He began by designing pictographs for every word in the Cherokee vocabulary.
Reputedly by his wife, angry at him for his neglect of garden and house, burned his notes and he had to start over. This time, having concluded that picture-writing was cumbersome, he made symbols for the sounds of the Cherokee language. Eventually he refined his system to eighty-five characters, which he borrowed from the Roman, Greek,. and Hebrew alphabets. He presented this system to the Cherokee General council in .1821, and it was wholeheartedly approved. The response was phenomenal. Cherokees who had struggled for months to learn English lettering in school picked up the new system in days. Several books were printed in Cherokee, and in 1828, a newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix, was first published in the new alphabet. Sequoyah was acclaimed by his people.
In his later life, Sequoyah dedicated himself to the general advancement of his people. He went to Washington, D.C., as a representative of the Western tribes. He helped settle bitter differences among Cherokee after their forced movement by the federal government to the Oklahoma territory in the 1830s. He died in Mexico in 1843 while searching for groups of lost Cherokee. A statue of Sequoyah represents Oklahoma in the Statuary Hall in the Capitol building in Washington, D.C. However, he is probably chiefly remembered today because sequoias, the redwood trees of California, are named for him.
41 The passage is mainly concerned with
(A) the accomplishments of Sequoyah
(B) the developments of Roman alphabet
(C) the pictographic system of writing
(D) Sequoyah’s experiences in Mexico.
42. There is NO indication in the passage that, as a young man, Sequoyah
(A) served as an interpreter
(B) made things from silver
(C) served as a representative in Washington
(D) hunted game
43. The word cumbersome in line 9 is closest meaning to
44. All of the following were mentioned in the passage as alphabet systems that Sequoyah borrowed from EXCEPT
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